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Tuesday, 20 September 2016

Recent Updates Concerning Spot on Liver

A normal liver should appear uniformly on the scans done. The scans help to visualize the image and the structure of the Kidney. When the kidney does not appear uniformly, there could be underlying problems. The spots are viewed as tumor on the liver. The spots appearing in form of tumors can either be cancerous or non-cancerous. Subsequent ultra-sound tests should be done to confirm their nature.

CAUSES OF SPOT ON LIVER
 
Liver Granuloma
This is caused by subsequent infections affecting the liver including Tuberculosis, syphilis or schistosomiasis. The infection causes the masses of inflammatory tissues to appear on the liver hence appearing as the spots on the liver. Among other diseases causing liver granuloma includes histoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, sarcoidosis, and polymyalgia rheumatic among others. 

Focal fatty Change

This happens when the fat is not evenly distributed in the Liver. The Huge masses of fat concentrated on one part may be viewed as the spots on the liver. This common spot is associated with that patient that had lifestyle diseases such as diabetes, malnutrition obesity or hepatitis c. The symptoms of the spots may not be seen. For the Focal fatty change the disorder may be identified by performing radiographic test. There is no specific treatment for this cause.

Liver Cancer

This is the most life-threatening cause of spots on the liver. The liver cancer does not usually show at the early stages. It can be detected at the advanced stages so several ultra sound tests should be performed to the high risk persons such as those who consume alcohol and have had subsequent liver infections. Liver cancer may cause liver cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis and iron overload. Also, the cancer may spread to the adjacent body tissues causing more effects.

Hemangioma

It is another leading cause of spot on the liver. Hemangioma is tumors caused on the liver as a result of the abnormal blood vessels. More over changes of thy hormones in the body may cause the Hemangioma. They always appear as the womb develops and they have been verified to be non-cancerous. The tumors cause the spots on the liver during the scan. This type of tumor is mostly associated with the females but it can also occur to the males. The tumor can appear at any given stage of life but they are not easy to discover and in most of the cases they have been discovered accidentally. The most common symptom is pain but no bleeding occurs. They do not portray any form of symptoms hence making discovery to be difficult.

Liver Adenoma

This type of condition is prevalent among those women who use oral contraceptives. The Liver adenoma causes abnormal growth of the liver cells that are non-cancerous. The liver adenoma may be caused also by other underlying problems such as the familial liver adenomatosis. 

Metastatic Liver Cancer

This is a type of cancer that spreads to the liver originating from different part of the body organs. An example of cancers that leads to the metastatic cancer includes lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer or colon cancer. The spread of the cancer from other parts causes the white spots on the liver. When this type of cancers spreads to the liver it is always almost impossible to perform treatment. The metastatic cancer is more common than the liver cancer itself.

TREATMENT OF SPOT ON LIVER

The treatment of the spots on the liver depends on the cause of the spot hence the causes are the ones that are diagnosed and then treated.
The hemangioma can be diagnosed through the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tests done on the liver. There is no treatment for those tumors that do not produce any symptoms. However if the symptoms are evident on the liver, surgical resection can be performed to clear the tumors.

For the Liver Adenomas the most common symptoms includes nausea, discomfort in the abdominal areas, the feeling to be full, vomiting, and high temperatures. The larger adenomas may cause bleeding. Though the adenomas are non-cancerous, there is ten percent likelihood of the lesions causing cancer. The tumor maybe is identified by combining biopsy together with the radiographic examination. The women taking the oral contraceptive should stop using them and then there after radiographic tests should be performed. The tumors that are less than 5 cm should be removed surgically.

For the Liver granuloma, a biopsy may be performed to identify it. The biopsy test is done only if the causes can be treated and therefore the causes of the granuloma are the ones that are treated.

When the cancer is diagnosed through the tests, several treatments may be performed. The treatment depends on the stages of the cancer. For primary stages surgical operation may be performed and other normal treatment such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and microwave ablation may be performed.

CONCLUSION

Frequent tests on the liver have proved to be the most preventive measure against the spots on the liver. The specialists that deals with the liver is known as hepatology hence when the spots are identified the patient should be immediately referred to the hepatologist. Early identification and treatment prevents liver failure, liver cancer or the liver cirrhosis which can lead to death.
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